What: All Issues : Education, Humanities, & the Arts : General Education Funding : H.R. 27. Jobs/Vote on Amendment to Remove All Provisions Relating to Youth from the Bill to Reauthorize Federal Job-Training Programs (2005 house Roll Call 44)
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H.R. 27. Jobs/Vote on Amendment to Remove All Provisions Relating to Youth from the Bill to Reauthorize Federal Job-Training Programs
house Roll Call 44     Mar 02, 2005
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In this vote, the House defeated an amendment offered by Dale Kildee (D-MI) to remove all provisions relating to youth from H.R. 27, a bill to reauthorize federal job-training programs, thus leaving current law in place. On behalf of Democrats, including Progressives, Kildee argued that the bill's targeting of federal job-training funds to youths out of school would eliminate programs that were having a very positive impact on kids who are in school. He stated that current law permits states to choose whether to focus these funds on in-school or out-of-school youths, and that states ought to retain that flexibility. Republicans countered that the changing times made it more important for these funds to be directed at youths not presently in school and that states would still retain flexibility with regard to 30 percent of these funds. In general, Progressives opposed the job-training bill itself because it would "block-grant" numerous job-training programs for veterans, the disabled, youths and others (i.e., eliminate and send funds previously authorized under the programs to the states to be used in a discretionary manner). In addition, Progressives contended that the bill would authorize religious institutions to receive federal job-training funds while permitting them to discriminate in their hiring on the basis of religion, which Progressives claimed could lead to federally prohibited discrimination on other grounds such as race or gender. Republicans countered that the job-training bill would make the Workforce Investment Act more efficient and more relevant to the skills needed for employment in the 21st century. (The Workforce Investment Act is a law passed in 1998 to create federal programs to provide veterans, migrant workers, youths and others with the skills they need to find jobs.) Republicans further argued that the job-training bill actually eliminated religious discrimination by putting religious organizations on the same level as other groups with respect to being permitted to apply for and receive federal funding. Democrats, including Progressives, lost on this issue by a nearly party-line vote of 200 to 222; thus, provisions remained in the job-training bill that would prohibit states from continuing to target youth funds at both in-school and out-of-school youths even if states determine that both populations have equal needs in this area.

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